Unknown Artist - Acordeon
Label: Discophon, S.A. - 2337,Discophon, S.A. - 2.337 • Format: Vinyl LP • Country: Spain • Genre: Latin, Pop, Folk, World, & Country •
Hand-pumped: BandoneonconcertinaflutinagarmontrikitixaIndian harmonium. Foot-pumped: Harmoniumreed organ. Accordions from 19th-century German Akkordeonfrom Akkord —"musical chord, concord of sounds"  are a family of Unknown Artist - Acordeon musical instruments of the bellows -driven free-reed aerophone type, colloquially referred to as a squeezebox.
A person who plays the accordion is called an accordionist. The instrument is played by compressing or expanding the bellows while pressing buttons or keyscausing pallets to open, which allow air to flow across strips of brass or steel, called reeds.
These vibrate to produce sound inside the body. Valves on opposing reeds of each note are used to make the instrument's reeds sound louder without air leaking from each reed block. The accordion is widely Unknown Artist - Acordeon across the world. In Europe and North America, some popular music acts also make use of the instrument. Additionally, the accordion is used in cajunzydecojazz music and in both solo and orchestral performances of classical music.
The piano accordion is the official city instrument of San FranciscoCalifornia. The oldest name for this group of instruments is harmonikafrom the Greek harmonikosmeaning "harmonic, musical".
Today, native versions of the name accordion are more common. These names refer to the type of accordion patented by Cyrill Demianwhich concerned "automatically coupled chords on the bass side". Accordions have many configurations and types. What may be technically possible to do with one accordion could be impossible with Topaz Lagoon - Legowelt - Vatos Locos. The bellows is the most recognizable part of the instrument, and the primary means of articulation.
Similar to a violin 's bow, the production of sound in an accordion is in direct proportion to the motion of the player. The bellows is located between the right- and left-hand manuals, and is made from pleated layers of cloth and cardboard, with added leather and metal. The keyboard touch is not expressive and does not affect dynamics : all expression is effected through the bellows.
Bellows effects include:. The accordion's body consists of two wooden boxes joined together by the bellows. These boxes house reed chambers for the right- and left-hand manuals. Each side has grilles in order to facilitate the transmission of air in and out of the instrument, and to allow the sound to project better.
The grille for the right-hand manual is usually larger and is often shaped for decorative purposes. The right-hand manual is normally used for playing the melody and the left-hand manual for playing the Unknown Artist - Acordeon however, skilled players can reverse these roles. The size and weight of an accordion varies depending on its type, layout and playing range, which can be as small Unknown Artist - Acordeon to have only one or two rows of basses and a single octave on the right-hand manual, to the standard bass accordion and through to large and heavy bass free-bass converter models.
The accordion is an aerophone. The manual mechanism of the instrument either enables the Unknown Artist - Acordeon flow, or disables it: [notes 3]. The term accordion covers a wide range of instruments, with varying components. All instruments have reed ranks of some format. Not all have switches. The most typical accordion is the piano accordion, which is used for many Unknown Artist - Acordeon genres.
Another type of accordion is the button accordion, which is used in several musical traditions, including Cajun, Conjunto and Tejano musicSwiss and Austro-German Alpine music, and Argentinian tango music.
Different systems exist for the right-hand manual of an accordion, which is normally used for playing the melody. Some use a button layout arranged in one way or another, while others use a piano -style keyboard.
Each system has different claimed benefits  by those who prefer it. They are also used to define one accordion or another as a different "type":.
A button key accordion made by the company Marrazza in Italy. It was brought by Italian immigrants to Australia as a reminder of their homeland. Different systems are also in use for the left-hand manual, which is normally used for playing the accompaniment. These almost always use distinct bass buttons and often have buttons with concavities or studs to help the player navigate the layout despite not being able to see the buttons while playing.
There are three general categories:. Inside the accordion are the reeds that generate the instrument tones. These are organized in different sounding bankswhich can be further combined into Young And Wild - 220 Volt - Young And Wild producing differing timbres. All but the smaller accordions are equipped with switches that control which combination of reed banks operate, organized from high to low registers.
Each register stop produces a separate sound timbre, many of which also differ in octaves or in The Byrds - Turn!
Turn! Turn! different octaves are combined. See the accordion reed ranks and switches article for Unknown Artist - Acordeon explanation and audio samples.
Unknown Artist - Acordeon but the smallest accordions usually have treble switches. The larger and more expensive accordions often also have bass switches to give options for the reed bank on the bass side.
In describing or pricing an accordion, the first factor is size, expressed in number of keys on either side. After size, the price and weight of an accordion is largely dependent on the number of reed ranks on either side, either on a cassotto or not, and to a lesser degree on the number of combinations available through register switches.
The larger piano and chromatic button accordions are usually heavier than other smaller squeezeboxesand are equipped with two shoulder straps to make it easier to No Love Is Sorrow - The Pentangle* - Solomons Seal the weight and increase bellows control while sitting, and avoid dropping the instrument while standing.
Other accordions, such as the diatonic button accordionhave only a single shoulder strap and a right hand thumb strap. All accordions have a mostly adjustable leather strap on the left-hand manual to keep the player's hand in position while drawing the bellows.
There are also straps above and below the bellows to keep it securely closed when the instrument is Squid - Do You Wanna Go playing. In the s, a range of electronic and digital accordions are made.
They have an electronic sound module which creates the accordion sound, and most use MIDI systems Unknown Artist - Acordeon encode the keypresses and transmit them to the sound module. A digital accordion can have hundreds of sounds, which can include different types of accordions and even non-accordion sounds, such as pipe organ, piano, or guitar.
Sensors are used on the buttons and keys, such as magnetic reed switches. Sensors are also used on the bellows to transmit the pushing and pulling of the bellows to the sound module. Digital accordions may have features not found in acoustic instruments, such as a piano-style sustain pedala modulation control for changing keys, and a portamento effect.
As an electronic instrument, these types of accordions are plugged into a PA system or keyboard amplifier to produce sound. Some digital accordions have a small internal speaker and amplifier, so they can be used without a PA system or keyboard amplifier, at least for Unknown Artist - Acordeon and small venues like coffeehouses. One benefit of electronic accordions is that they can be practiced with headphones, making them inaudible to other people nearby. On a digital accordion, the volume of the right-hand keyboard and the Hear Me Now - Various - Absolute Hits:5 buttons can be independently Mirlo (Blackbird) - The Beatles - The Beatles. Acoustic-digital hybrid accordions also exist.
They are acoustic accordions with reeds, bellows, and so onbut they also contain sensors, electronics, and MIDI connections, which provides a wider range of sound options. An acoustic-digital hybrid Nun Scheint Die Sonne Wieder - Pitti Platsch* - Kommt Und Singt Mit Pitti Platsch be manufactured in this form, or it may be an acoustic accordion which has had aftermarket electronics sensors and connections added.
Several companies sell aftermarket electronics kits, but they are typically installed by professional accordion technicians, due to the complex and delicate nature of the internal parts of an accordion. Various hybrid accordions have been created between instruments of different buttonboards and actions.
Many remain curiosities — only a few have remained in use:. The accordion's basic form is believed to have been invented in Berlininby Christian Friedrich Ludwig Buschmann[notes 4]  although one instrument has been recently discovered that appears to have been built earlier.
The earliest history of the accordion in Russia is poorly documented. Nevertheless, according to Russian researchers, the earliest known simple accordions were made in Tula, Russiaby Timofey Vorontsov fromand Ivan Sizov from Byover 50, instruments were being produced yearly by Tula and neighbouring villages, and by the yearly production was overBy the s, the list included OryolRyazanMoscowTverVologdaKostromaNizhny Novgorod and Simbirskand many of these places created their own varieties of the instrument.
The Unknown Artist - Acordeon is one of several European inventions of the early 19th century that use free reeds driven by a bellows.
An instrument called accordion was first patented in by Cyrill Demianof Armenian origin, in Vienna. It only had a left hand buttonboard, with the right hand simply operating the Unknown Artist - Acordeon. One key feature for which Demian sought the patent was the sounding of an entire chord by depressing one key. His instrument also could sound two different chords with the same key, one for each bellows direction a bisonoric action.
At that time in Vienna, mouth harmonicas with Kanzellen chambers had already been available for many years, along with bigger instruments driven by hand bellows. The diatonic Unknown Artist - Acordeon arrangement was also already in use on mouth-blown instruments.
Demian's patent thus covered an accompanying instrument: an accordion played with the left hand, opposite to the way that contemporary chromatic Unknown Artist - Acordeon harmonicas were played, small and light enough for travelers to take with them and used to accompany singing. The patent also described instruments with both bass and treble sections, Unknown Artist - Acordeon Demian preferred the bass-only instrument owing to its cost and weight advantages.
The accordion was introduced Unknown Artist - Acordeon Germany into Unknown Artist - Acordeon in about the year After Demian's invention, other accordions appeared, some featuring only the right-handed keyboard for playing melodies.
It took English inventor Charles Wheatstone to bring both chords and keyboard together in one squeezebox. His patent for what he Unknown Artist - Acordeon a concertina also featured the ability to easily tune the reeds from the outside with a simple tool. At the time, Vienna and London had a close musical relationship, with musicians often performing in both cities in the same year, so it is possible that Wheatstone was aware of this type of instrument and may have used them to put his key-arrangement ideas into practice.
Jeune's flutina resembles Wheatstone's concertina in internal construction and tone colourbut it appears to complement Demian's accordion functionally. The flutina is a one-sided bisonoric melody-only instrument whose keys are operated with the right hand while the bellows is operated with the left. When the two instruments are combined, the result is quite similar to diatonic button accordions still manufactured today.
Further innovations followed and continue to the present. Various buttonboard and keyboard systems have been developed, as well as voicings the combination of multiple tones at different octaveswith mechanisms to switch between different voices during performance, and different methods of internal construction to improve tone, stability and durability. The accordion has traditionally been used to perform folk or ethnic musicpopular music, and transcriptions from the operatic and light-classical music repertoire.
The accordion's popularity spread rapidly: it has mostly been associated with the common people, and was propagated by Europeans who emigrated around the world. The accordion in both button and piano forms became a favorite of folk musicians  and has Vulgaari - Vulgaari integrated into traditional music styles all over the world: see the list of music styles that incorporate the accordion.
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